Heritage, Manuscripts, Syriac - Saturday, April 7, 2012 0:02 - 3 Comments
There are many documents available from 14th century onwards which gives precise information about the Indian Christian community and the Bishops of India. Some of these were copied locally in South India. Amongst these, the MS Vatican Syriac 22 and MS Vatican Syriac 17 are the most well known Syriac MS from India.
MS Vatican Syriac 22, the oldest known Syriac MS from India, contains a lectionary of the Pauline Epistles according to the Peshitta version. It was copied in 1301 AD ( 1612 A Gr) in Estrangelo Script at Cranganore, South India by a deacon named Zakharya bar Joseph bar Zakharya at the Church dedicated to Mar Quriaqos .
MS Vatican Syriac 17 was completed on 6th March 1510 AD (1821 A Gr) and copied by Mar Jacob “ Bishop of Hindo”, who arrived in South India in 1504 AD. According to the colophon, this was copied in the blessed and famous place Cranganore, South India at the Church of Saint Thomas. It contains the complete Estrangelo Script New testament. This is the oldest extant locally copied New Testament in India.
1. MS Vatican Syriac 22
|Folios||Dimension||Lines||Columns||Language||Copied by||Copied at|
|94||35 ½ X 24 ½ cms||22||2||Estrangelo Script||Zakharya bar Joseph bar Zakharya||Church of Mar Quriaqos, Cranganore, South India|
a) About the MSS
This MS is a volume of 94 folios, of these 1 folio is from a rebound of 16th century. According to the colophon of the MS Vatican Syriac 22, this was copied on 1301 AD in Cranganore ( 1612 A Gr) at the Church dedicated to Mar Quriaqos . This MS is written in Estrangelo Script by a very young decon named Zakharya bar Joseph bar Zakharya who was just 14 at the time of writing. This is the oldest known Syriac MS copied in India. Though from the manuscripts it is evident that the scribe Zakharya knows Syriac very well, Zakharya is very apologetic about his knowledge of Syriac in the MS.1
- J P M Van Der Ploeg, The syriac manuscripts of Saint Thomas Christians [↩]
- “THE VARTHAMANAPPUSTHAKAM” written by Cathanar Thomman Paremmakkal
- “Christianity in India- a History in ecumenical perspective” by HC Perumalil and ER Hambye
- “The Arrival of the Portuguese in India and the Thomas Christians under Mar Jacob 1498-1552” by Dr. Mathias Mundadan
- Sixteenth Century Churches – Churches belonging to Catholics and Syriac Orthodox ( 1818 AD-Statistics)
- ‘The Thomas Christians’ by Placid Podipara
- Margam Kali – History, Theme, Early References and Modern Developments
- ‘The Indian Christians of St. Thomas’ by Dr. Leslie Brown
- ‘Jornada of Dom Alexis de Menezes: A Portuguese account of the Sixteenth century Malabar’ edited by Dr. Pius Malekandathil
- Letters of St. Thomas the Apostle to Edessa from India
- Prelates of Nasranis till the Synod of Udayamperoor- List of early Bishops till 1599 AD
- Hymns of Saint Ephraem (Ephrem) the Syrian, on Apostle Thomas and India
- Analogical review on Saint Thomas Cross- The symbol of Nasranis-Interpretation of the Inscriptions
- Save Syriac
- Museum- Christian Cultural Centre Golden Jubilee Museum at Pala
- Focus III- Cheppad St. George Church
- ‘The Nazranies’ by Prof. George Menanchery
- Role, Characteristics, List and Tomb of Archdeacons (Arkadiyakons) of Saint Thomas Christians
- St.George- Geevarghese Sahada traditions and rituals among Nasranis
- Hindu Traditions of St. Thomas –Thondacchan and the Four Silver Coins
- The Mural tradition of Kerala Churches
- Focus II- History, Munnu Noyambu and Kappalottam – Marth Mariam Church, Kuravilangad
- The Muziris Heritage Project- News
- Focus I- Ramapuram twin churches, Role, History & Rituals
- Church feast and festivals in Central Kerala-Kottayam
- Palm Sunday ( Kuruthola Perunnal), Maundy Thursday( Pesaha), Good Friday (Dukha Velli) and Easter among Saint Thomas Christians of India
- ‘The Syrian Christians of Kerala, Demographic and Socio-Economic Transition In The Twentieth Century’ by K. C. Zachariah
- SRITE- Project for Preserving the Manuscripts of the Syrian Christians in India
- ‘Glimpses of Nazraney Heritage’ by Prof George Menachery
- Glimpse from History-Gondophares, Roman and Venetian gold coins
- ‘The St. Thomas Christian Encyclopaedia of India’- Volume II , Chief Editor Prof.George Menachery
- ‘The St. Thomas Christian Encyclopedia of India’- Volume I -Prof. George Menachery
- ‘Origin of Christianity in India’ by Dr.Benedict Vadakkekara
- Arrival of Thomas of Cana ( Bishop Thomas of Cana ?), History and references about Southist Community (Thekkumbhagar – Knanaya )
- Arrival of Mar Sabrisho and Mar Piruz, Earliest Reports, Copper Plates, Katheeshangal,Christians & Churches at Quilon
- The Edicts, Copper Plates and Privileges- Quilon (Tarisapalli) plates, Thazhekad edict, Iravi Kortan plate and Cana Thomman plate
- Early references about the Apostolate of Saint Thomas in India, Records about the Indian tradition, Saint Thomas Christians & Statements by Indian Statesmen
- Surviving MSS- Old Testament Manuscripts, Psalms and New Testament Manuscripts of Christians of Saint Thomas
- Kerala Syrian Christian, Apostle in India, The tomb of the Apostle, Persian Church, Syond of Diamper – Coonan Cross Oath, Subsequent divisions and the Nasrani People
- Mission of Pantaenus in India and Saint Bartholomew, the Apostle in India
- Population Statistics and Demography of Saint Thomas Christians, Churches with historical references
- Ancient Churches with traditional dates of foundation & Stone Crosses of Kerala- Saint Thomas Cross, Nazraney Sthambams and other Persian Crosses
- Divisions and Rite of the Churches- Syro Malabar Church, Malankara Syriac Orthodox Church ,Malankara Orthodox Syriac Church, Thozhiyur Church, Malankara Mar Thoma Syrian Church, Syro Malankara Church, Chaldean Syrain Church.
- Some of the traditions and rituals among the Syrian Christians of Kerala
Get NEW Articles by e-mail / Enter your e-mail
Nasrani Syrian Christians NETWORK Snapshot
- All of us are proud Indians. But it does not prohibit us from seeking our roots and heritage. All humans belong to one big family,...
- Myself a Syrian Christian from Kunnakulam - Kerala, gave my DNA for tesing to the Genographic Project. (Geno 2.0) The paternal res...
- Dear Dipak,
Politly, let me say that it is you who miss the point. There is no body here who is claiming that he or she is sup...
- Thank you Arun for those kind words. I am in total agreement with you.
Isn't it about time people stopped trying to claim 'what...
- International man of mystery >> http://sharbtho.blogspot.in/2013/05/the-georgios-mystery.html...
- Callucera is the ancient Kallissery palli were many events related to Malankara Nazranis occurred....
- Dear Brothers & Sisters,
It is very interesting to read the comments. It was very informative. I realized that as human bei...
- Yes Mr. Thomas, interesting to hear of these politics during our 'polarization' times :)...
- Thanks Sujith for this informative post and the link to the video.
It is very interesting to know that there was an associate o...
- Not exactly connected with the post on this page but Dr. Mar Aprem gives some interesting historical information on one in party w...
- Dear Mathai Varghese,
There's no doubt regarding the Middle Eastern 'genetic' Connection (i wouldn't say Jewish) of the Malayal...
- Dear Sunny,
You use the word 'Orientals'. It has a very wide meaning. China/India is part of the Orient, so is Japan, so is Pe...
- 'Cangnarpalli' is definitely Kanjirapally. The "Kanjirapally Pazhayapally" belonging to the Syro Malabar Catholic Church was conse...
- I read somewhere that Mar Thoma went towards 'Socotra' near Yemen from Parthia, but wind became hostile and the ship sailed to Mal...
- Dear Jacob,
I too shared you view, until I read the book 'The Jewish Background of the Indian People' by Abraham Benhur. After...
- It is extremely unlikely that Saint Thomas the Apostle visited Kerala in the 1st century AD, though one may argue that the circums...
- Actually the information provided by Mr Joseph regarding the 1st, 2nd and third generation churches is true. What he meant through...
- This forum is primarily a pro oriental forum, intended to showcase articles from members of the community about Nasranis and St. Thomas Christianity.
- We features different authors, with different opinions,with a passion to express them.
- The primary objective is to build awareness about Nasrani culture, traditions, heritage and for sharing different perspectives of history / relevant information’s concerning the community
- We promise to do our part in delivering the most informative, interesting articles possible, but we need a strong community to help nurture it. So subscribe today, and let us know what you think.
↑ Publish, Share, Publicities articles concerning heritage, traditions, culture and historical research.
↑ Provide an overview of history from contributing articles and citing books of well known authors.
↑ Publicities and provide review for works of well known authors, historians and projects concerning the community and society at large.
↑ Providing review of articles published by authors about the community.
↑ Highlighting the contributions of the community to the society.
↑ To provide awareness about the community, history, pilgrim centers and analysis of news concerning the Syrian Christian community.
↑ To build unity among different denominations of St. Thomas Christian community through collective efforts.
↑ Posts aligned with our objectives are most welcome, regardless of opinion.
↑ Please, post your opinions on relevant articles. Its good to have related discussions along with the article for the benefit of readers. Complete list of the articles are listed in the Archives page and please use that for identifying discussed topics.
↑ Posts concerning issues which are of importance and on general topics, please use the relevant discussion pages.
↑ We encourage comments, critiques, questions, additional/ related/missing information, suggestions and corrections.
↑ We also encourage participants to provide answers to questions raised on article or on posts.
↑ Please stay on topic, respect other people’s opinions, avoid profanity, offensive statements or anything else that might otherwise violate our policy
- If you would like to colloborate please drop us an email.