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Nasrani History, Thoma Villarvattam - Sunday, April 15, 2007 7:21 - Read 14199 times, 5 so far today - 18 Response
There is an interesting tradition cherished by the Syrian Christians that they possessed their own king at Valeyadattu or Villarvattom near Udayamperur.
Tradition records that the first king was named Baliartes or Beliarte, which may be a corruption of the Malayalam Valeyadattu.
The kingdom of Villarvattom comes into prominence twice in the course of Nasrani history. While the first is a part of our folklore the second instance has been documented with some concrete evidence.
The Villarvattom Estate was a vassal of the Chera kings and extended from the coastal islands of Chennamangalam, Maliankara and others to the north of and south of Udayamperoor. The capital of this kingdom was at Mahadevarpattanam in the island of Chennamangalam and later it was shifted to Udayamperoor when the Arab invaders attacked the island.
The Udayamperor Church was built by in A.D 510 during the time of Mor Abor and Prodh but it is also believed that the Raja of Villarvattom was instrumental in getting it constructed.
It may have been the fame of this christian dynasty that caused Pope Eugene in 1439 to send envoys to this king with a letter, which in Wadding’s Annales Minorum commences as follows:
”To my most beloved son in Christ, Thomas, the Illustrious Emperor of the Indians, Health and the Apostolic benediction. There often has reached us a constant rumour that Your Serenity and also all who are the subjects of your Kingdom are true Christians”
The envoys bearing this letter did not reach India, though. It is believed that at the death of the last king without issue, the kingdom lapsed to the Cochin royal family. However the local christians preserved the royal sceptre, which was a red rod probably made of wood, tipped with silver, having three small bells at the upper end. The sceptre was presented to Vasco da Gama when he came to Cochin for the first time. There has been no trace of this sceptre since then.
When Archibishop Alex de Menezes sailed to Cochin in 1599, he deplored the inability of the catholic clergy to baptise at least one of the Rajas of Cochin to Christianity inspite of the temporal might of the Portuguese over the local Rajas for over a century. He also visited Udayamperur, Chennamangalam and the Syrian seminary at Vapicotta. Continue…
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Nasrani Syrian Christians NETWORK Snapshot
- Dear Dr.Ammini
Thank you very much for your comments. Your observations are absolutely true with regard to Neyyappam and palappam...
- Professor Malekandathil:
I have referred to your various publications on Kerala history and it has been valuable for my research...
- Ittoop may be Itty Iype
Iype could be a derivative of Ausep- Joseph.
Eape- Kunjepp (Kunju eape) , Eapen etc could also be from...
- Isahaac----------Ithaac---------Ittoop ???????...
- dear Sebastian,
Itoop may be from ouseph...
- Dear Rangith George
Devassy is derived from St.Sebastian( he is the saint) but Itoop I too dont know
- Dear Sir,
Can I get the Saints for the name Itoop and Devassy
- Dear Mathai Varghese,
Sorry for the delayed response. Thanks for your explanation.
"Ofcourse, you do not accept the book at ...
- Oops! there is the website for the book.
- Dear Syriac,
Here is the online book in English titled 'Acts of Holy Apostle Thoma'. I like to call it 'Acts of Mar Thoma'.
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